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Causes of Pigmentation


What is pigmentation?

Pigmentation stands for colouring. Skin pigmentation affects the natural colour of the skin. The skin gets its colour from a pigment called melanin. Melanin is produced by special skin cells. When these melanin producing skin cells gets damaged or becomes unhealthy, the production of melanin is affected. Some of the skin pigmentation disorders affects only the patches of the skin whereas others can affect the entire body. Excessive production of melanin makes the skin colour darker. And when the production of melanin decreases, the skin colour gets lighter.

What are the types of pigmentation?

pigmentation

There are two types of pigmentation:

  • Hyper-pigmentation: It is the darkening of the skin mostly in the face, hands and neck, which is unusual than the regular skin colour. The reason behind it is the over production of melanin in the affected area. It also has different types like Melasma, Freckles, Tanning and Photo Melanos.
  • Hypo-pigmentation: It occurs when the production of melanin is reduced or becomes limited than the usual rate. Lack of melanin in the skin leads to skin discolouration.
    What are the causes of pigmentation?
    In most of the cases skin pigmentation is caused due to overexposure to sun, genetics, heredity, stress, hormonal changes, overuse of cosmetics, antibiotics, hormone treatment, excessive use of hair dyes etc.

What is melasma?

It is a patchy brown, blue-grey or dark skin discolouration. It is mostly seen in women in the reproductive years. It can be seen on the upper cheeks, forehead, upper lip and chin of the women in the age group of 20-50 years of age. The main cause behind this disorder can be sun exposure, birth control pills and internal hormonal changes at the time of pregnancy. Sunlight is the prime cause in most of the cases.

What are the causes of post inflammatory hyperpigmentation?

It is a disorder which follows damage of the epidermis along with deposition of melanin within the skin cells. The inflammation in the epidermis increases production of melanin and transfers it to the surrounding skin cells which lead to hyperpigmentation.

What is periorbital melanosis?

It is generally known as dark circles and is a serious cosmetic concern. It is mainly caused due to certain medications, allergies, anaemia and fatigue. Dr. Deepika Lunawat is an expert in treating periorbital melanosis.

What are the causes of tanning?

Tanning is the darkening of the skin due to prolonged exposure of the skin to the sun. However, prolonged exposure to UV rays can be harmful and can also lead to skin pigmentation. Mahi Clinic expertise in removing skin tanning and also provide Skin Pigmentation Treatment.

What is Nevus of Ota?

It is a blue or grey patch on the face and is congenital which develops at the time of birth or around puberty. It is caused due to the entrapment of melanocytes in the upper third layer of the dermis.

What causes lentigines and uneven skin tone?

Lentigines are brown or black spots on the skin which is caused due to UV radiation. Uneven skin tones are also caused due to exposure to excessive sunlight.Pigmentation stands for colouring. Skin pigmentation affects the natural colour of the skin. The skin gets its colour from a pigment called melanin. Melanin is produced by special skin cells. When these melanin producing skin cells gets damaged or becomes unhealthy, the production of melanin is affected. Some of the skin pigmentation disorders affects only the patches of the skin whereas others can affect the entire body. Excessive production of melanin makes the skin colour darker. And when the production of melanin decreases, the skin colour gets lighter.

 

 

 

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